Occupier-Edge_Ed5_A4 - AR

in 2016. What’s more, the amount of actual investment involved during the same time period, jumped by a larger 148% to U.S. $215.8 billion. According to the same report, these deals were concentrated in a number of specific sectors, including, manufacturing, financial services, and health. Highlight deals included: > > China National Chemical Corporation’s (ChemChina) U.S. $43 billion acquisition of Switzerland’s Syngenta AG. > > State Grid Corporation of China’s U.S. $12.4 billion acquisition of Brazil’s CPFL Energia SA. > > Bohai Financial Investment Holding’s U.S. $10 billion acquisition of CIT Group’s aircraft leasing assets. Additionally, Chinese private-owned companies (POEs), as well as private equity and asset management firms, have been participating much more in overseas M&A deals. For instance, POEs and asset management firms from China denoted 66% and 21%, respectively, of the total investors who invested into overseas markets in 2016. By contrast, the total number of M&A deals made by China’s state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in 2016 stood at 13%. According to the Hurun and DealGlobe report, the number of these deals in 2016 increased 21% from the previous year to reach 438 deals. internationalisation strategies decades ago and much has been achieved in the years since. In September 2015, the Central Committee of the CPC and State Council issued a de-facto plan for SOEs to further reform (titled “Guidelines to Deepen Reforms of SOEs”). The blueprint stated that, “SOE reforms aim to achieve a socialist market economy and improve the SOEs in particular China’s SOEs commenced their

Sweeping new markets for business growth Going abroad in the pursuit of new markets is of interest to many Chinese corporations, including Chinese manufacturers, which have a number of particular motivations. Many manufacturing corporations in China are seeing their sectors deregulating, are mired by overcapacity production, and are encountering strong pressure on profit in their home market. Consequently, this specific group of Chinese corporations are unsurprisingly seeking new markets abroad where they can enjoy less fierce competition and earn higher profits. Obtaining the latest technologies and advanced management skills Innovation as a means to stay ahead in the business world is paramount for any company, and Chinese corporations are no different in realising the importance of this concept. For some time, Chinese corporations (manufacturers in particular) have competed with other corporations on the global stage on low labour costs and forceful pricing, instead of on inventive, branded products with profit margins that are higher. A growing number of Chinese corporations are now certainly developing their own technologies and management know how to enhance their global competitiveness. Other Chinese corporations, however, have gone abroad and have sought global partnerships and/or foreign acquisitions to fill any existing technological and/ or management skills gap that they perceive exists between them and other global corporations operating in the same business environment. M&A activity – A means to an end The number of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) of overseas business entities by Chinese corporates has not seen any let up of late. Buoyed by the B&R initiative, 2016 saw a rapid increase in the number of overseas M&A deals executed by corporations from China. The report found that China’s top location of interest was the U.S., with 84 transactions completed

modern enterprise system.” In essence, what this entails, is that China’s SOEs, particularly the big SOEs should:

> > Participate and contest in global markets.

> > Assign resources around the world.


> > Improve operational efficiency.

The B&R initiative plays a big part in this overall scheme and will serve as a major stepping stone as China-based SOEs ‘feel the stones as they cross the global economic river.’ The B&R initiative will undoubtedly create more promising external circumstances for China’s SOEs to invest abroad and therefore herald a new age of China’s SOE sector internationalisation. By taking advantage of the B&R initiative, it is expected that the internationalisation of China’s SOEs will alter emphasis from simply expansion to enhancing operations management and improving global competitiveness. POEs in particular With the rising economic might of Chinese POEs and the government’s encouragement for “going out,” a diminishing share of China’s cumulative outward foreign direct investment (FDI) is stemming from China’s SOEs. To illustrate this, by the end of 2015, China’s outward investment flow from its SOEs stood at a 34.7% share of total outflow However, outward investment flow from the country’s non-SOEs (essentially POEs) accounted for a massive 65.3% of China’s total accumulated outflow. With their business flexibility, fast-paced growth, investment diversification, and being somewhat less affected by clampdowns on investment in the host countries, China’s POEs have the potential to ride the B&R initiative and gain even better investment results and benefits. Having said this, however, China’s POEs do and will continue to face obstacles in being able to “go out.” One of these is financing as POEs often have to work that much harder to gain the financial backing for their overseas ventures from banks.

50The Occupier Edge

Made with FlippingBook - Online catalogs